Expositional commentary on Scripture using an inductive exegetical methodology intent upon confronting the lives of Christians with the dogmatic Truths of God's inspired Words opposing Calvinism and Arminianism, Biblical commentary, doctrine of grace enablement, understanding holiness and wisdom and selfishness, in-depth Bible studies, adult Bible Study books and Sunday School materials Dr. Lance T. Ketchum Line Upon Line: Fideism

Monday, March 13, 2017


Objective Bible Facts Equal Objective Bible Faith

As our nation, and the world, runs gleefully into the fires of Hell, we must remember the words of Paul to the Lycaonians that God “in times past suffered {allowed} all nations to walk in their own ways” (Acts 14:16).  When people choose the beginning of a way, they choose the end of that way.  Every road has its own ultimate destination.  Faith in God’s inspired Words of the Bible is the only sure way to ensure that the way upon which we travel will end at the destination God wants and for which His loving grace provides.  “There is a way which seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death” (Proverbs 14:12).

Belief in the Bible is what transitions a person from mere imaginations of the mind to the concrete realities of the eternal existence of Gods domain.  The Bible gives us historical facts in words inspired by God and recorded by men.  Faith believes these facts and all that God says about Himself in the Bible.  Therefore, faith is objective.  This means that faith is foundationed upon reliable facts

If the Bible is authored and inspired by God as it claims (II Timothy 3:16-17), every single word in the Bible is true, inerrant, and infallible.  To believe the Bible is God’s Word is to believe these realities.  Therefore, the Bible is the most objective book ever written.  The fact that the Bible is objective truth does not mean that people object to what the Bible says more than any other book.  That fact is true.  However, the Bible is objective truth because of the perfect reliability of its author. 

Objectivity is something that is completely separated from prejudicial opinions or theories.  Something objective is true in and of itself apart from human experiences or tastes.  Objective truth is verifiable by facts upon which the truth originates.  The Bible is objective truth.  Faith based upon the facts of the Bible is objective faith.  To possess objective faith a person must know the facts that the Bible teaches.  Objective faith is the kind of faith exemplified in Hebrews chapter eleven.  Satan’s goal is to question and undermine the objectivity of the Bible in any and every way possible. 

4 And this I say, lest any man should beguile you with enticing words. 5 For though I be absent in the flesh, yet am I with you in the spirit, joying and beholding your order, and the stedfastness of your faith in Christ. 6 As ye have therefore received Christ Jesus the Lord, so walk ye in him: 7 Rooted and built up in him, and stablished in the faith, as ye have been taught, abounding therein with thanksgiving. 8 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ. 9 For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily” (Colossians 2:4-9).

There is nothing more frustrating in the “work of the ministry” than to pour hundreds of hours into the discipleship of a person only to see the trials of life attack him at the weakest point of his character undermining his faith and thereby destroying his life and the lives of his family.  No human minister can hold the hand of every child of faith as he walks through the fiery trials of life. 

Sometimes adults are really like little children that do not even know the dangers of the things with which they want to be involved.  As much as we might want, a person cannot hold every child by the hand until he grows to understand the “wiles of the devil.” Building real, living faith into the lives of sinful people helps them understand that when life’s trials begin to pose threats with which they cannot deal, they can grab onto God’s hand and walk with Him through the fire.

Colossians 2:8 is addressing the corrupting influences of Ancient Gnosticism upon “the faith.”  Ancient Gnosticism, much like post-modern Christianity, was a constantly fluid and evolving perversion of truth.  It absorbed religious beliefs from almost all pagan religions as well as Judaism and Christianity.  Both Judaism and Christianity were being paganized by the corrupting philosophies of Gnosticism.
This process of religious evolution is known as Syncretism. Syncretism is the combination of different beliefs or practices - the absorption and incorporation of various religious beliefs and practices.  Ancient Gnosticism evolved into modern Gnosticism and is what we know today as Ecumenicism and Pluralism.  It is about this process of syncretism that Paul warns in the epistle to the Colossians (as well as all local churches down through the ages).

The Colossian church was a local church surrounded by a society that mocked God, rejected authorities, experimented with Spiritism (Mysticism), and flirted with pagan cults.  The historic period was also very materialistic enjoying all the material comforts of their time.  Like the world in which we now live, it was wanting this society’s acceptance that was tempting the Colossian believers to abandon their distinctive Christian and biblical beliefs to become part of a larger and more socially acceptable community of people.  The peer pressure of political correctness is nothing new to Satan’s devices.   To counteract this tendency, Paul confronts this local church at Colossi with one simple question - Is Jesus Lord?

Up to this point in the epistle to the Colossians, the Lordship of Jesus has been emphatically established.  This brings the believer to a new question - is Jesus YOUR Lord?  The attack against these Colossian believers (and all separated, Bible believing Christians) is a philosophical attack.  When believers accept the subjective human philosophies that are contradictory to the Word of God, they become the “spoil” of spiritual warfare.  They then are taken captive by the enemy of Christ and the “god of this world” (II Corinthians 4:4).  These philosophies are an assault on the very foundation of Christianity, which is the Lordship of Jesus Christ.

          Colossians 2:8 is a warning.  For the church at Colossi, there were four elements of false teaching that posed a constant threat to these new believers and their local church.  These four elements exist to some degree in almost every corruption of “the faith.” 

1. The rationalistic philosophies of men (vs. 8-15)
2. Jewish legalism (vs. 16-17) – “works of the Law” salvation and will-power sanctification
3. Spiritism (Mysticism) (vs. 18-19) – this involved spiritual mysteries revealed through spiritual mediums such as dead spirits or angels\demons.
4. Asceticism (vs. 20-23) - this involved a monastic lifestyle of self-denial, celibacy, self-starvation, deprivation of sleep, and self-flagellation so as to communicate with the gods.

These four elements continue to be a threat to individual Christians in various forms today.  The continuing warning of the epistle is against all these individual heresies and their combined influence.  Combined, they created a very complex problem requiring solid theological foundations for spiritual discernment so as to avoid doctrinal contamination.  Every one of these four corruptions of objective truth are interspersed throughout postmodern Christianity. 

A subtle trick of Satan is to espouse a social pressure upon true Christians to accept everything that comes forth in the Name of Christ even if it is contrary to everything Christ taught.  The person contaminated with any one of these philosophies would become pre-occupied with its ridiculous teachings, which in turn would result in his uselessness for Christian service.  The religion of tolerance has been so corrupting that the postmodern idea of this is to tolerate everything but true objective faith, which is really the only true biblical Christianity.
The faith of most people is inadequate and corrupted because it is subjective.  Subjective faith is based upon theories, imaginations, and postulations about God rather than upon knowledge of what God has revealed in the Bible.  Subjective faith, by the very fact that is subjective, is filled with doubts about Who God is, what He will do, and what He really expects of people.  Although subjective faith often has some degree of a basis in reality, this kind of faith is skewed because it is never confident in what it believes is right or wrong.  Because subjective faith doubts the reliability of the facts and doctrines of the Bible, the person with this kind of faith lacks any real substance to his beliefs and practices of life.  Faith is then reduced to mere rationalism and situation ethics.  Subjective faith is a contradiction against the faith exemplified in Hebrews chapter eleven. 

If Christians are ever going to be victorious in the battle for “the faith,” they need to begin to see the enemies of Truth through the eyes of God and through the Word of God.  This faith vision of reality sees the small bubble of existence in which we live within the larger bubble of existence under the sovereign omnipotent power of our omniscient God.  Who are the enemies of the Cross compared to the reality of Who God is? 

The ease of Satan’s deception lays within the fact that human beings are empirical beings trusting primarily in what they see, hear, taste, touch, and smell to determine reality.  The great tragedy of Satan’s deception is that all human beings begin with doubts and ignorance without any connection to the ultimate source of any kind of objective faith through the knowledge and belief in the Bible.  Therefore, Satan’s focus of deception is to undermine the trustworthiness of inspiration, inerrancy, infallibility, and preservation of the Bible.  Therefore, the effectiveness of Satan’s deception can exist on numerous levels of subjectivity (Relativism) regarding faith in the Bible thereby corrupting faith in God.  Relativism is basically the belief that there are no absolute truths, which is an oxymoron because the statement is postulated as an absolute.  Satan has been effective in doing this from the beginning of time – “hath God said” (Genesis 3:1). 

1 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden? 2 And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden: 3 But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. 4 And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: 5 For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil” (Genesis 3:1-5).

A central goal of satanic, worldly influence upon “the faith” is the attempt to subjectify the Word of God.  In today’s world, dogmatic Theology has been emaciated.  The body of doctrine of post-modern orthodoxy has little flesh upon it.  Objective and dogmatic Theology, produced by correctly knowing and understanding the Bible, is being reduced by the subjectivity of Theoryologians into little more than some nonsense of a Theory-ology.  True disciples of Jesus Christ must learn to resist and escape this nonsense of subjective Relativism in order to “keep the faith” and “fight the good fight of faith.”  The solution to subjectivity is objectivity. 

6 But godliness with contentment is great gain. 7 For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out. 8 And having food and raiment let us be therewith content. 9 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition. 10 For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows. 11 But thou, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness. 12 Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a good profession before many witnesses” (I Timothy 6:6-12).

There has been an historic antagonism against the Word of God and against Fideism since the fall of Satan and the corruption of humanity.  Fideism is the understanding that the only way to objectively know and understand eternity and spiritual realities is through faith.  The only way Fideism can possibly be objective is through God’s inerrant and inspired Words preserved by Him down through the centuries.  Apart from God’s preserved inspired Words, faith in anything spiritual is reduced to ambiguous guess work and pontificating postulations – Theory-ology!

Real faith is not a blind leap into the darkness.  Real faith is a blind leap into the light!  In God’s inspired Bible, God has given us a historical record of what He has done from which we can know what He will do.  The first thing belief in God’s Word does is to read and learn what God says and what God has done.  Real faith in God passionately wants to know what God expects from us.  To know the Word of God and experience the supernatural illumination of the Word of God by the Spirit of God understand the numerous levels of comprehension available to the searching believer.  Sadly most Christians seldom get past the “milk” of “the Word” (Hebrews 5:13) because they do not read the Bible and certainly do not study the Bible (II Timothy 2:15).  

13 I give thee charge {enjoin you to the message of which I have been given} in the sight of God {accountability}, who quickeneth all things {God is the only source of real, spiritual life}, and before Christ Jesus {accountability}, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession {Jesus was consistently faith in what we are now commissioned to do}; 14 That thou keep {to guard with the intent of preventing loss or escape} this commandment {warning about the love of money as the root of all evil; vs. 10 – do not let money become the governor of what you do} without spot, unrebukeable, until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ: 15 Which in his times he shall shew, who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords; 16 Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen. 17 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy; 18 That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate; 19 Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on {to catch or grasp onto; in the hand} eternal life {the victors crown that is ours now positionally but will be ours then practically}. 20 O Timothy, keep {a different word than in vs. 13; here meaning to preserve by doing as a living example to others} that {the Words of God} which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane and vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called {all are satanic attempts to subjectify the Word of God}: 21 Which some professing {were engaged and committed to the message of truth} have erred {missed the mark by deviating from the objective facts of the Bible} concerning the faith. Grace be with thee. Amen” (I Timothy 6:13-21).

To be honest and transparent about personal faith in God and the Bible, the believer must be willing to confront the varying degrees of pretentious and hypocritical faith that lays within the fallen, and carnal nature of the human spirit.  While we still live within this body of flesh, we will continue to struggle with our natural propensity to resist objectivity in favor of subjectivity.  We struggle with this because in subjectivity we can excuse most of the choices we make based on a claim of mere ignorance.  God may understand and give patience and mercy to the new believer beginning in error regarding righteousness and sin by living in ignorance of God’s Word.  Eventually, that excuse will no longer be acceptable to God.  Just like the lost and unbelieving, for those who willfully continue in ignorance of God’s Word, “Destruction and misery are in their ways” (Romans 3:16). 

10 Called of God an high priest {referring to Jesus} after the order of Melchisedec. 11 Of whom we have many things to say, and hard to be uttered {difficult to explain in words}, seeing ye are dull of hearing {lazy/sluggish listeners}. 12 For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles {the elementary fundamentals} of the oracles {logion; utterances} of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat. 13 For every one that useth milk is unskilful {inexperienced and ignorant} in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe {nepios; yet unable to speak}. 14 But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age {teleios, full maturity} even those who by reason {though the medium of habit or practice of teaching and applying the Word of God} of use have their senses {the mind as an organ of perception and judgment} exercised {train or disciplined} to discern {a judicial estimation thereby making a clear decision about what is} both good and evil” (Hebrews 5:10-14).

There is often a great deal of frustration in trying to persuade people that the truths being taught are actually the chosen Words of God given to us in Scripture.  These Bible truths are objective, dogmatic, and undebatable in the eyes of God.  This dogmatism is often communicated by the Words of Jesus in His “verily” statements.  The word “verily” is from the Greek word amen (am-ane’), signifying firmness or certainty.  The idea of the word is that what is being said is undebatable and objective fact.  Yet, God warns the prophet Ezekiel that the children of Israel would hear him, but would not heed what he said.  There are but two reasons why a professing believer would hear but not heed the Word of God:

1. He is really an unbeliever.
2. He is subjectifying the Word of God. 

Obviously, neither of these are acceptable for professing believers.  Practically, this means this person sees the Bible as a philosophy with which he is to debate and develop.  Philosophies are fluid in that they are constantly being reconstructed.  This can also mean this person is merely seeing the Bible as an ideology which is to be promoted politically, which will necessarily require certain compromises to please everyone.  Ideologies are also fluid and are constantly being reconstructed.  A person who sees the Bible philosophically and/or ideologically does not see the Bible as objective absolutes given by God by which he is to live and for which he must fight to preserve every truth every day.  God addresses the issue of hearing but not heeding in Ezekiel 33:30-33.

30 Also, thou son of man, the children of thy people still are talking against thee by the walls and in the doors of the houses, and speak one to another, every one to his brother, saying, Come, I pray you, and hear what is the word that cometh forth from the LORD. 31 And they come unto thee as the people cometh, and they sit before thee as my people, and they hear thy words, but they will not do them: for with their mouth they shew much love, but their heart goeth after their covetousness. 32 And, lo, thou art unto them as a very lovely song of one that hath a pleasant voice, and can play well on an instrument: for they hear thy words, but they do them not. 33 And when this cometh to pass, (lo, it will come,) then shall they know that a prophet hath been among them” (Ezekiel 33:30-33).

God’s Word is pure objectivity absolutely defining both right and wrong as well as good and evil.  God will resist and oppose EVERY corrupter of His Word, especially those seeking to subjectify His truths.  God expects His children to hate and oppose the corruption of His Word as much as He hates the corruption of His Word.  God’s faithful children are God’s warriors in this world to understand, discern, and identify every corruption of God’s Word and “the faith.”  When God’s Church fails in her corporate responsibility to preserve the objective truths of God’s Word, it will be “time” for God to intercede.
When the prophet Habakkuk heard from God of the pending judgment of God upon Israel, Habakkuk pleaded with God; “O LORD, I have heard thy speech, and was afraid: O LORD, revive thy work in the midst of the years, in the midst of the years make known; in wrath remember mercy” (Habakkuk 3:2).  According to Psalm 119:126, there is a “time” when God’s mercy and patience comes to a declining end.  God will vindicate His Word and the blaspheme against His Name by the misrepresentation of His character in subjectifying His Word.  Any corruption of God’s Word is an attack against the character and nature of God.

126 It is time for thee, LORD, to work: for they have made void {made of no effect} thy law. 127 Therefore I love thy commandments above gold; yea, above fine gold. 128 Therefore I esteem all thy precepts concerning all things to be right; and I hate every false way” (Psalm 119:126-128).

It has been said that the Bible’s credibility is like a milking stool.  It must have three legs to be considered stable.  These three legs are inspiration, inerrancy, and infallibility.  The inspiration of the Scriptures, the inerrancy of the Scriptures, and the infallibility of the Scriptures are intricately connected realities.  II Timothy 3:16a says, “All scripture is given by inspiration of God.”  If this statement of Scripture regarding its inspiration by God is a factual reality, Scripture then must also be inerrant and infallible to be consistent with the character and nature of God.  Therefore, to deny the inspiration of Scripture, the inerrancy of Scripture, and/or the infallibility of Scripture is to attack the very Nature and Character of God. 

          The degree by which individuals reduce their views on the inspiration of the Scriptures will also reduce their views on both inerrancy of the Scriptures and the infallibility of the Scriptures.  Therefore, there is the high view of inspiration of Scriptures.  This is known as verbal/plenary inspiration of the Scriptures.  There are also varying degrees of lower views of the inspiration of the Scriptures.  Each of these lower views on inspiration are varying degrees of Liberalism regarding the Scriptures.  Of course, the most liberal view is that the Scriptures are not inspired by God.

We must admit that the weaknesses of Christianity are directly related to inadequate teaching and very weak understandings of the inspiration of the Scriptures by God AND God’s purpose in giving humanity His inspired revelation.  Very few professing Christians have a high view of inspiration and, therefore, most have a very low view of God.  Very few professing Christians give much importance to reading and studying the inspired Words of God because they do not understand that God is seeking to directly communicate with them and reveal Himself to them.  Preachers try to guilt people into reading and studying the Scriptures without teaching the depth of meaning and purpose derived from the words “All scripture is given by inspiration of God” (II Timothy 3:16a).

          The words “inspiration of God” in II Timothy 3:16a are translated from one Greek word - theopneustos (theh-op’-nyoo-stos).  The theological question for ages has been, does theopneustos mean God breathe out the Scriptures or did God breathe into the Scriptures.  The best way to answer this question is by comparing it to the creation of Adam.  Did God create by the command of His mouth (breathed out) the elements from which He created Adam?  The answer is clearly, yes! 

      Secondly, did God breathe into Adam the breath of life?  Again, the answer is clearly, yes!  There was a theanthropic union in Adam before the fall.  This is equally true of the inspiration of Scriptures.  God breathed out the exact words He wanted to use and breathed spiritual life into those words.  Just as Adam was inspired in his theanthropic union prior to the fall, the Scriptures are theopneustos (theh-op’-nyoo-stos).  In other words, the Scriptures are both from God and the power and presence of God remains in them.  This understanding is clearly confirmed by Hebrews 4:12.

For the word of God is quick {living or alive}, and powerful {always working}, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit {which by all human qualifiers are indivisible}, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts {what we think} and intents {motives, why we think} of the heart” (Hebrews 4:12).

In most cases, a person’s view of the inspiration of the Scriptures, the inerrancy of the Scriptures, and the infallibility of the Scriptures is directly connected to his view of God’s transcendency, God’s eminency (high and exalted due to character and attributes), and God’s immanency (God fills the universe).  It is in understanding the connecting link to God’s transcendency, God’s eminency, and God’s immanency, revealed by God’s inspired Words, that we can persuade people of the importance of reading and studying God’s Word. 

Therefore, it can be harmful to merely teach inspiration without teaching God’s purpose of self-disclosure in the manifestation of His character, nature, and attributes through the inspiration of Scripture.

1. The fact that God is transcendent means that truly knowing or experiencing all of who and what is God is beyond, or outside of, the human ability to fully comprehend or understand apart from the illumination of His Spirit.  Therefore, understanding that God is transcendent helps us understand God’s central purpose of inspiration of Scripture is to accurately reveal Himself in all of His glory so that believers might glorify Him to the best of our Spirit-filled abilities.  Therefore, an accurate understanding of God’s transcendency gives us very high views of inspiration, inerrancy, and infallibility of Scripture.

9 But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him. 10 But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God” (I Corinthians 2:9-10).

2. The fact that God is eminent means that God is by His very nature and essence exalted far above and beyond any aspect, or glory, of created beings or things.  To understand the eminency of God is to hold an extremely exalted or high view of the Person of God.  One cannot truly worship God apart from the proper understanding of His eminency.  Therefore, an accurate understanding of God’s eminency gives us very high views of inspiration, inerrancy, and infallibility of Scripture.  This is the transition in Isaiah’s view of God in Isaiah 6:1-8. 

1 In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord {Adonay – most probably the pre-incarnate Jesus} sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple. 2 Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. 3 And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the LORD of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory. 4 And the posts of the door moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke” (Isaiah 6:1-4).

3. God is immanent means that it is within the realm of possibility for anyone to grasp a certain degree of both intellectual knowledge (gnosis) of God and intimate, personal, and experiential knowledge (epiginosis) of God. 

The fact that God is omnipresent insists then that God is also immanent.  In Jeremiah 23:23-24 God says, “23 Am I a God at hand, saith the LORD, and not a God afar off? 24 Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? saith the LORD. Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the LORD.”

15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: 16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible {transcendency}, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him {eminency}: 17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist {immanency}” (Colossians 1:15-17).

These truths then lead us to the terms inerrant and infallible.  Many people think these terms are synonymous, but they actually refer to two different characteristics of the Word of God. 

1. Inerrant means the Word of God is without error
2. Infallible means the Word of God is incapable of error

Therefore, these terms are directly connected to the outcome of our understanding of the Greek word theopneustos (theh-op’-nyoo-stos) as used in II Timothy 3:16.  Since God is the sole author and superintendent of His chosen Words, those chosen Words MUST be both without error and incapable of error.  Since inspiration means God remains in union with His inspired words, those inspired Words must be equal with the character and nature of God.  This MUST be true since both inerrancy and infallibility MUST align with the character and nature of God in His purpose in giving humanity His Scriptures in the first place. 

Inerrancy and infallibility can be exemplified in the incarnate Word of God.  Christ is impeccable.  This means Jesus was both without sin and incapable of sin.  The fact that the character and nature of Christ is impeccable means that although Jesus was tempted externally there was no internal desire for that with which He was tempted.  Therefore, Jesus was both sinless and incapable of sinning.  Since the Scriptures are inspired by God, they can neither possess any error nor even be capable of possessing error.  Any other position or derivative degree of departure from this perfection in inspiration of Scripture is apostasy by that same degree. 

Inerrancy is the first essential of all fundamentals if any form of dogmatism is ever to exist.  Inerrancy is the area in which Liberals particularly start becoming sneaky in their verbiage.  For instance, some will say that the Word of God is inerrant in its purpose (faith and practice).  They will say that the Bible is not a historical record or a scientific book.  Therefore, for them, the Bible need not be without error regarding its accuracy in history or science.  This opens the door for questioning or disregarding what the Bible says about anything other than the ambiguity of its intended purpose (faith and practice).

Since “All scripture is given by inspiration of God” (II Timothy 3:16a), there is plenary (full) inerrancy connected to plenary (full) inspiration.  There are those who reject plenary inspiration by translating the Greek word pas in II Timothy 3:16 as “every” rather than “all.”  This issue needs to be addressed as to why it is ABSOLUTELY an incorrect translation.

The American Standard Version, translating mainly from the Westcott and Hort Greek Text of A.D. 1881, translates II Timothy 3:16 as, “Every scripture inspired of God is also profitable for teaching.”  We can obviously see the many doors to false doctrine opened by this very faulty and corrupt translation of II Timothy 3:16.  This bad translation can then be made to mean that only those Scriptures that are inspired are profitable.  Thereby, this translation allows for the denial of plenary (full or all) inspiration.
Of course, this faulty interpretation must also deny the fact that Paul is using the term “scripture” in II Timothy 3:15 to refer to all Scripture collectively - “And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures.”  The collective context of the word “scriptures” in II Timothy 3:15 defines the context of “all” into II Timothy 3:16. Therefore, the American Standard Version translation corrupts the plenary intent of II Timothy 3:16 and corrupts the plenary intent of inerrancy in the same way.  Although the grammar of the Greek text might allow for the ASV translation of II Timothy 3:16, the context does not. 

Another aspect of infallibility is that the Word of God is said to be enduring “forever” in I Peter 1:23-25.  This is true of the incarnate Word and the written Word.  This refers to the preservation of God’s inspired Words.

23 Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word {logos}of God, which liveth and abideth for ever. 24 For all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away: 25 But the word {rhema –individual utterances} of the Lord endureth for ever. And this is the word {rhema –individual utterances} which by the gospel is preached unto you” (I Peter 1:23-25).

Therefore, the infallibility of Scripture intricately and essentially connects to the verbal and plenary preservation of Scripture if the statements of I Peter 1:23-25 are accepted by faith.  Therefore, the infallibility of Scripture means the authority of Scripture cannot be “broken” (John 10:35; luo – loosen or destroyed). 

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Numerous studies and series are available free of charge for local churches at: http://www.disciplemakerministries.org/ 
Dr. Lance Ketchum serves the Lord as a Church Planter, Evangelist/Revivalist. 
He has served the Lord for over 40 years.

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